Piano art, which has been formed in the world music culture for several centuries, is today an important factor in the enhanced development of composers' creativity and the performing sphere. The piano art of Uzbekistan is represented in all spheres of creativity: performing, pedagogical, research and educational. The scientific study of the sphere of performance and education as a single integrated development process is becoming one of the priority areas. This work is devoted to the formation and development of piano performance and education in Uzbekistan, the author defines the main stages of its chronology and examines the processes of formation of piano art.
The main aim of the research is a systematic analysis of the processes of formation and development of the piano art in Uzbekistan. On the basis of some works about the history of music education, as well as personal conversations and acquaintance with the archives of local musicians-pianists identifies prerequisites for the formation of piano-performing arts, created the phased pattern of evolution of the national performing school at the turn of XX - XXI centuries are considered forms of activities the most important of its representatives. Retrospectively, the author traces the development and crystallization of modern Russian piano creativity, performing traditions, and identifies their main features. This paper examines in detail the influence of the Russian piano school and professors of the Moscow and St. Petersburg conservatories on the formation and development of the piano art of Uzbekistan. Education aspects are considered in close connection with the activities of teachers of the special piano department of the State Conservatory, as well as the piano departments of the RSMAL named after V.Uspensky and RSMAL named after R. Glier. To achieve the research aim there were used such scientific methods as system-analytical, theoretical-historical, and music-critical.
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